BRISTOL,TENN-VA COLLECTIBLE BOTTLES & HISTORY

ANDREWS M'F'G CO. of BRISTOL (2pgs)

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    ERNEST LINWOOD ANDREWS ........was born in Chineatuck near Smithfield ,VA. ,to Jack & Emma Glover Andrews on May 19, 1866. Both parents died when he was but 5 years old and he was taken to Memphis,Tenn. to be raised by an Aunt & Uncle.         While still a youth, he left Memphis to escape the yellow fever epidemic raging there during the late 1870's. He was possibly returning to Virginia when he arrived at Bluff City,Tenn. (then known as Union), a small town just a few miles south of Bristol. Whatever his reasons, there he stopped , and he soon became associated with The L.Gerstle Mfg Co., who were manufacturers of medicinal products.
    About 1888, the founder & owner, Leopold Gerstle , transferred his entire business operations to Chattanooga,Tenn., except for a young employee named Andrews. He stayed behind, again for unknown reasons, and eventually made his way to Bristol. In 1892, Andrews formed The Andrews Manufacturing Company located at 710 Main St. Bristol,Tenn., where he embarked upon a career of making extracts and proprietary medicines (Patent Medicines).
    By 1902, Andrews had relocated to a bigger establishment at 515 Cumberland St in Bristol,VA., previously the business of J.L.Wood's - Wood Drug Company.   Andrews had bought out the Wood Drug Co.,  including product names ,and a small printing press. Now he was printing his own labels and paper items, including his "Dream Book"  almanac, and " The Ladies Medical Adviser & Almanac

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ANDREWS M'F'G. CO/ 515 Cumberland St. 1902

    I've seen quite a few Andrews Mfg Co. bottles with Wood Drug Co. labels upon them. I was also told about a "J.L.Wood's Chill Cure" bottle with a "St.Andrews Expectorant" label.
    Andrews had relocated again by 1908. This time to a newly constructed  three story brick building at 119-123 Virginia St., Bristol,VA. Here he remained until 1931-32 when he ceased operations as a medicinal manufacturer and went into  business as "The E.L.Andrews Sales Agency." He died Sep.24,1935 of an apolexy attack in his front yard on Taylor St. in Bristol,Tenn.

andrewsnun2.jpg
Anyone have this poster/seen one ? Who is the woman?

    It has been conjectured that Andrews dropped the ST. from his products due to the passing of the Pure Food & Drugs Act of June 30th, 1906. However, one of the almanacs I show on the next page is dated 1907 and ST. is still being used. Of course, medicinal manufacturers  weren't immediately required to adher to the Act, and Andrews likely printed the almanacs in late 1906. Additionally,  the Act pertained to stated claims of cures espoused by medicine companies and disallowed the use of certain drugs in the formulas. Up to this time, heroin, opium, cannabis, laudanum, and other habit forming or narcotic drugs were freely added to medicines, as were high levels of alcohol. It's no wonder the taker of such cures felt better, if only briefly.

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Andrews Mfg Co. 119-123 Virginia St.

   It is possible that Andrews dropped the ST. when he relocated to a new building in 1908 in an attempt to appear, or prove ,he was beginning a new era in his business, with a new image, and thus in compliance with all laws. Whatever the reason, Andrews operated another 25 years after the passing of the Act. His products must have been well received by the community and customers at large. And it was the Great Depression that eventually closed his medicine making business for good.
(An orphan boy who came a long way.)

andrewssarsasign.jpg
     As a result of my research/search, I have concluded that Andrews was also quite a humorous fellow, who used a "tongue-in-cheek" approach in his business operations.
    "Have you got a liver?"..."How is your face?"...such phrases begin his earliest advertsiements and are prevalent in his almanacs.  His own picture is depicted upon his product's box fronts and , in them he is clad somewhat "Saintly." Another of his bits of ingenuity is utilized in the product names themselves:
"WINOLRO"......short for Wine Of Life Root
"ER-LIN-AW"... letters from his own name.
"AUNT DINAH"...probably his real Aunt.
" DADDY's".......another effort to instill confidence in the customer.
"RUB-ON-OIL"...yet another logical brand name.

St Andrews Sarsaparilla
elastsarsalabpr.jpg

   
 
 
        Andrews' Sarsaparilla , Wine Of Life Root , and Winolro advertising and labels were directed at women and their various ailments...often being called "Female Regulators." He used a picture of a Nun to advertise the Wine Of Life Root, which was also designed to appeal to female customers. Andrews'  Dream Book and Ladies Medical Adviser almanacs were other methods of attracting female customers to his products. He opened an "outlet" of his company on Virginia St, called The Linwood Drug Mill,  probably the first factory outlet of its kind.
 
 
Andrews'  products were many and varied, spanning a period of nearly 40 years.

andrewssample.jpg
Andrews Cold Tea sample packet

Sarsaparilla
Sarsaparilla & Celery Compound
Wine of Life Root
Winolro
Black Devil Pills
Little Black Devils
Little Black Drivers
Sure Shot Vermifuge
Rub-On-Oil
Quick Liver Pills
Nerve Builder
Chill Killer
(later known as "Chill Medicine")
Magic Relief
Cold Tea
Liver Paptine
Daddy's Salve
Nerve & Bone Oil
Expectorant
Pain Relief
Compound Extract of Sarsaparilla
Horse and  Cattle Powders
Chicken Powders
Er-Lin-Aw Remedy
Dr. Spark's White Cream Vermifuge
Dr. Sparks Eye Water
Dr. Sparks Soothing Syrup
Dr. Sparks Sure Remedy
(above 4 former Wood Drug Co. products).

andrewslot.jpg

    Many of these products can be found both with and without the St.   Additionally, Andrews later lists several products as,  E.L. Andrews, etc...
 
In his Aunt Dinah's line, there were:
 
Aunt Dinah's Chicken Powders
Aunt Dinah's Celery & Sarsaparilla Compound
Aunt Dinah's Egg Cream Liniment.
He additionally offered medicines for the farmer:
Andrews Horse & Cattle Powders
Aunt Dinahs Chicken Powders.

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St.Andrews Cold Tea & Andrews Cold tea tins

   I have often wondered at the  perhaps coincidental similarity of Andrews' products with those of Leopold Gerstle/Gerstle Medicine Co. of Bluff City, then Chattanooga, Tenn. Like Gerstle, Andrews "pitched" his products to women. He used ST. in his product's names. He "brand named" his products in a style similar to Gerstle's : GFP...was Gerstle's Female Panacea. SJS was  Gerstle's St. Joseph's Sarsaparilla. Winolro was Andrew's Wine of Life Root. Er-Lin-Aw was Ernest Linwood Andrews.
   Other similarities include Andrews using near identical bottles in his early years. His label only St. Andrews' Sarsaparilla is but one example that is very similar to Gerstle's SJS Sarsaparilla bottle.
    Being that  Andrews worked for Gerstle for several years , he merely may have been influenced by the manner in which Gerstle named his products, while noting how successful a concept it was. There's no doubt that Andrews learned the patent medicine manufacturing business while working for Gerstle, and perhaps even Gerstle himself instructed the eager to learn young lad. But, whichever may have occurred , both men left us with some interesting collectibles.
    I believe there are many other products and items from Andrews Mfg Co. yet to be found...I'll keep looking. Perhaps, you'll be looking,too.

Andrews Mfg Co
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St Andrews Wine of Life Root

St Andrews Sarsaparilla
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St Andrews Wine of Life Root emb.
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Aunt Dinah's Celery & Sarsaparilla Compound label
* Tom Eccles of California (a reknown Sarsaparilla Collector),
found the above at the Las Vegas Bottle Show.
 

St Andrews Wine of Life Root or Female Regulator
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Daddy's Salve
andrewssalve2z.jpg

Andrews Wine of Life Root
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St Andrews Wine of Life Root

Andrews Wine of Life Root for Women
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St Andrews Wine of Life Root or Female Regulator

Andrews Wine of Life Root
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Andrews Winolro

Andrews Winolro - Wine of Life Root for Women
elawinolrolabpr.jpg

andrews2.jpg

Compound Cathartic Pills - Linwood Drug Mill
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St. Andrews Wine of Life Root Annex

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Single collar mouth with ring around neck BIM rectangle shape..
Larger size seen only in Aqua.
Smaller sizes seen in Aqua, Apple Green, Clear, & Light Olive Green

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Taper collar mouth BIM rectangle shape.
Seen in two sizes, two colors Aqua and Clear.

elasinglecollar1ovalpanel.jpg

The two smaller bottles have a single collar mouth BIM rectangle shape, & are seen in Aqua & Clear. These were most likely "sample" size bottles.
The other has a single collar mouth BIM rectangle shape, is seen in two sizes Aqua only...but the label panel is oval top & bottom. This oval panel is seen on only one other Andrews bottle: the amber WINOLRO/ A MEDICINE FOR WOMEN. All others have a squared-off panel bottom.
 

NEXT PAGE >>>>

 
 
Sources - Bibliography
 
i)      Library of King College, Bristol,Tenn. - Newspaper Microfilms
ii)     Bristol,TN-VA Public Library - Newspaper Microfilms &  City Directories
iii)     1904 Bristol Herald  Industrial Supplement 
iv)     Bristol-Goodson Industry & Resources in 1885  -W.F.Henry/Reporter
v)      Witness To An Epoch   - Chas.J. Harkrader
vi)     Double Destiny   - Robert Loving
vii)    Historic Sites of Sullivan County  - Muriel Spoden
viii)   Bristol Tennessee-Virginia : A History   - V.N. "Bud" Phillips
ix)     Spirits & Medicinal Bottles of Bristol, Tenn.-Va.   - Charlie Barnette 
x)       The Passing Years   - Bristol Historical Association
xi)      City of Bristol @ 1915
xii)     A Pictorial History -  Bristol Historical Association
xiii)    Whiskey, An American Pictorial History  - Oscar Getz
xiv)    Prohibition, 13 Years That Changed America - Edward Behr
xv)     The Shadow Of The Bottle -  Review & Herald Publishing Co.
xvi)    Historic Sullivan - Oliver Taylor
xvii)   One Year At A Time - Bristol - 1907 - Lonnie & Kim Blevins
xviii)   Honoring Our Heritage: Faces & Places From The Past -
                       Lonnie & Kim Blevins and Roy & Carolyn Williams
xvix)   Between the States: Bristol Tennessee - Virginia During the Civil War  - V.N. "Bud" Phillips
xx)      Pioneers in Paradise - Bristol, Tenn-Va.  - V.N. "Bud" Phillips
xxi)     A Good Place to Live - Bristol, Tenn-Va. - V.N. "Bud" Phillips
 
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